Cannabis Taxonomy

CANNABIS TAXONOMY

Historical findings tell us that humans and cannabis share a common history dating back at least 4 millenia. Humans spread cannabis from its original homelands throughtout most of the world.  Local varieties of cannabis originated resulting from natural and human selection, before any signs of the plant’s domestication.
Cannabis farmers interbred populations from different geographical regions and gene pools to develop economically valuable hybrids – this caused obscurity between the taxa.

Cannabis Sativa

Cannabis Sativa originated in Asia and Northern Africa, but soon spread to the west.  There are different types that appeared in different parts of the world.  Some of them are the Acapulco Gold of Mexico and the Panama Red of Central America.
There are however different types of Cannabis Sativa that popped up and originated in different parts of the world. They are landraces, too. Some of them include the Mexican Acapulco Gold, Central American Panama Red, Sour Diesel and Amnesia Haze.
It grows taller than most other types.  Sativa plants have thinner leaves and longer flowering cycles than indica.  They are taller than the Indica, though mostly under 12 feet, some types can grow up to an 25 feet.  They take 60-90 days to flower and are better suited for outdoor growth.
Cannabis Indica
Cannabis Indica’s homeland is the mountains of Afghanistan and Pakistan, a region called the Kush Mountains.  The Indica is shorter than the Sativa and has short, sturdy and bushy leaves.  They are adapted to grow in the equator region.  Taking 45-60 days to flower, they are well suited for indoor growth.
Most popular types of Cannabis smoked today are actually hybrids of the Indica.  Some popular types of Indica are Northern Lights, Purple Kush, Granddaddy Purple.
Cannabis Ruderalis
Ruderalis is the smallest one of all.  Having its origins in the Himalayas and Siberia, it can grow well in harsh climates.  It’s not grown for agriculture today, but is used for creating hybrids with other types.   It’s used for industrial hemp.  Some hybrids with Ruderalis genes are the Low Ryder and Gorilla Gold.

Sources:

https://herb.co/news/culture/what-was-the-original-strain-of-weed/

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07352689.2016.1267498?journalCode=bpts20

https://herb.co/learn/indica-vs-sativa-whats-the-difference/

http://theleafonline.com/c/science/2015/01/indica-sativa-ruderalis-get-wrong/

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