CBD isolate is 99% pure CBD in crystalline powder form. Cannabidiol is isolated to a single molecule, so CBD isolate contains only CBD. All plant material including oils, healthy fatty acids, chlorophyll, fibers, leaves etc are removed. During the process, terpenes and other cannabinoids are also removed.
The CBD isolate can be added to various other products – like edibles and oils - for human consumption.
Full Spectrum CBD
Full spectrum means the type of extract which contains the full range of cannabinoid and terpene profile. The contents of a good quality full spectrum extract will resemble the contents of the plant itself. This will provide the highest level of effectiveness due to the entourage effect.
Entourage effect refers to chemical compounds working together to produce a more effective response. Cannabinoids show an entourage effect in treatment of ailments and full spectrum products are therefore more effective. However, CBD isolates can be as effective in treatment of certain conditions.
Remember that full spectrum CBD product will contain some amount of THC. Most CBD oils are extracted from hemp which contains less than 0.3% THC. Marijuana derived oils will contain higher levels of THC. THC at low levels won’t cause the high effect. But caution is needed because even low levels of THC can show on drug tests.
Broad Spectrum CBD
Broad spectrum CBD is similar to the full spectrum CBD with the exception of THC. Broad spectrum products are a better option for those who are subject to drug tests. Previously, CBD isolate was the only option to pass drug tests, but now there is another option: the broad spectrum CBD products. Broad spectrum CBD will give benefits of most of the entourage effect.
A good quality will have THC removed from the full spectrum product, rather than adding terpenes and cannabinoids back to the CBD isolate.