Full Spectrum CBD
Full spectrum CBD refers to products which contain the full spectrum of compounds in the cannabis plant. These compounds include cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids and fatty acids. Because of the entourage effect, full spectrum products offer stronger relief against many ailments.
Full spectrum oils are produced first by extracting hemp into a thick oil. This is then sent to further processing to make CBD products. Processing includes winterizing, filtering and decarboxylation.
CBD products are often made from hemp, rather than marijuana with high THC content. In many countries, products made from marijuana are illegal, independent of the THC content of the final product.
95% of full spectrum products on the market have been decarboxylated. This means the product has been applied heat and raw cannabinoids have been transformed into their activated form to provide further benefits.
The following raw cannabinoids are the precursor to all other forms of cannabinoids:
- CBGA (Cannabigerolic Acid)
- THCA (Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid)
- CBDA (Cannabidiolic Acid)
- CBCA (Cannabichromenic Acid)
- CBGVA (Cannabigerovarinic Acid)
- THCVA (Tetrahydrocannabivarinic Acid)
- CBDVA (Cannabidivarinic Acid)
- CBCVA (Cannabichromevarinic Acid)
Due to new studies pointing to the extra benefits of raw cannabinoids, new cold pressed products are coming to market.
Cannabinoids Produced by Heating
Through heating, activated cannabinoids can be produced:
- Δ9-THC (Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol)
- CBD (Cannabidiol)
- CBG (Cannabigerol)
- CBC (Cannabichromene)
- CBGV (Cannabigerovarin)
- THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin)
- CBDV (Cannabidivarin)
- CBCV (Cannabichromevarin)
Cannabinoids Produced by Aging
Through the aging of raw or activated cannabinoids through exposure to UV light and oxygen over time, the following 'aged' cannabinoids are produced:
- Δ8-THC (Δ8-Tetrahydrocannabinol)
- CBN (Cannabinol)
- CBNA (Cannabinolic Acid)
- CBLA (Cannabicyclolic Acid)
- CBL (Cannabicyclol)